xTalks Webinar: Fecal Matters: Clinician & Laboratorian Perspective on Impact of Molecular GI Pathogen Testing”
Bert Lopansri, M.D.
Chief, Intermountain Division of Infectious Diseases
Medical Director of Intermountain Central Laboratory
Associate Professor of Medicine, University of Utah School of Medicine
Kevin McNabb, Ph.D., MT(ASCP)
Director of Microbiology, Immunology and Molecular Testing
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Services
New Hanover Regional Medical Center
Diarrhea caused by bacterial, viral, and/or parasitic infection represents a significant worldwide healthcare burden. Each year, there are two billion instances of diarrheal disease globally, resulting in nearly two million deaths.1 The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that diarrhea is the cause of or is a major contributor to approximately one-quarter of all post-neonatal childhood deaths.2 In the U.S., an estimated 1.4 episodes of acute diarrhea occur per person each year.3 Infectious diarrhea and foodborne illness are responsible for more than 300,000 emergency department visits and 225,000 inpatient stays each year in the U.S. and are associated with healthcare costs of about $1.8 billion.4
1. World Health Organization. Diarrhoeal Disease: Fact Sheet N°330 April 2013. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs330/en/index.html. Accessed 28 March 2017.
2. Bryce J, Boschi-Pinto C, Shibuya K, Black RE. WHO Estimates of the Causes of Death in Children. Lancet 2005; 365: 1147-1152.
3. Herikstad H, Yang S, Van Gilder TJ, Vugia D, Hadler J, Blake P, Deneen V, Shiferaw B, Angulo FJ. A Population-Based Estimate of the Burden of Diarrhoeal Illness in the Unites States: FoodNet, 1996-1997. Epidemiol Infect 2002; 129: 9-17.
4. Lucado J, Mohamoud S, Zhao M, Elixhauser A. Infectious Enteritis and Foodborne Illness in the United States, 2010: HCUP Statistical Brief #150. 2013. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.hcup-us.ahrq.gov/reports/statbriefs/sb150.pdf (Accessed May 2015).